Education of Kazakhstan in the international framework
On November, 25th in Geneva (the Switzerland) the seventh edition of UNESCO education for all (EFA) global monitoring report 2009 «Overcoming inequality: why governance matters» has been presented.
The report shows the analysis of educational policy of 129 countries worldwide on achieving the goals of the international program «education for all». It also considers educational management issues and presents the assessment of access to quality education.
The UNESCO report shows «a huge disparities» between countries in the possibility to get education and considers the problems requiring serious changes:
- About 75 million children worldwide do not have access to primary education;
- 776 million of adults (16 % of world's adult population) — are illiterate, of which approximately two-thirds are women;
- gender disparities in access to school education. Authors of the report mention that such aspects of a child as his birth, gender, socio-economic background, language and colour of skin should not influence his opportunities to get education;
- on current trends 29 million children will still be out of school in 2015
The UNESCO EFA report in detail analyzes the implementation of such global issues as: child development at an early age, comprehensive primary education, gender equality, struggle with illiteracy and a high quality of education.
The IDE indicator is an average sum of the four indicators: enrollment of children in a comprehensive primary education, adult literacy level, gender parity and a pupil ratio studied till the 5th grade.
^ shows the ratio of school age children enrolled in primary and secondary school education.
Adult literacy reflects adult literacy rates (15 years +).
Gender parity — equality of men and women in the educational field, giving girls the opportunity to fully and equally access a high quality basic education and provision of its completion.
^ th grade is calculated as a correlation of number of students studied till the 5th grade to the total number of pupils of this age.
Out of 129 countries only 56 countries have reached the four goals or reaching them currently and have average EDI indicator at the level 0,96 or above.
44 countries are halfway to achieving the goals of education for all and their EDI indicators range from 0,80 to 0,94. In spite of the fact that the primary education enrollment in these countries is high, staying behind in other fields, such as adult literacy and quality of education, reduces the level of their general achievements.
Such countries as India, Pakistan, Yemen (only 29 countries) have low EDI indicators (0,80).
According to this authoritative publication Kazakhstan got the 1st place on educational development index (EDI) in 2009, leaving behind such countries as Japan, Great Britain, Germany.
In the previous UNESCO EFA report 2007 «The strong foundations. Early childhood care and education» Kazakhstan hold the 4th position in a ranking among 125 countries.
In the report 2008 «Education for all till 2015. Will we make it?» Kazakhstan was on the 7th place with a high level of EDI among 129 countries worldwide.
The high achievements of Kazakhstan is due to the fact that pre-primary education and 11-year-old secondary education are obligatory and free. Annually the Government increases the education expenditure. The main part of funds is allocated to comprehensive secondary education. In 2008 the education budget has grown to 25,7 % compared to 2007.
Thus, Kazakhstan in 2009 for the first time received the highest appreciation and recognition of the international experts. By this Kazakhstan has strengthened its intentions to achieve the Development goals by 2015.
The full text of the report, statistical data and education indicators as well as the translations of the report into other languages can be found on the website http://www.unesco.org/en/education/efareport/.
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